WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH, vol.94, no.2, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
The present work aims to study chemical oxygen demand (COD), oil-grease, and color removal from vegetable oil wastewater by combined electrocoagulation and activated sludge processes. For this purpose, the sample was pretreated using electrocoagulation by various optimization parameters such as electrode type (Al-Al and Fe-Fe), current density (100-400 A/m(2)), pH (2-8), and electrolysis time (15-180 min). The results showed that 89.3% of COD, 100% of oil-grease, and 66.2% of color were removed by electrocoagulation under the conditions of 300-A/m(2) current density, pH 2, and 180-min reaction time with Al-Al electrode pairs. Then, the effluent of electrocoagulation was treated by an activated sludge process. The results depicted that the activated sludge process was also effective for vegetable oil wastewater treatment and it enhanced 98.9% COD and 79.2% color removal efficiency. The effluent of the combined process was very clear, and its quality exceeded the direct discharge standard of the water pollution control regulation. The laboratory-scale test results indicate that the combined electrocoagulation and activated sludge process is feasible for the treatment of vegetable oil wastewater. Practitioner points Vegetable oil wastewater was treated by combination of electrocoagulation and activated sludge processes. The combined electrocoagulation and activated sludge processes supplied 99.9% COD, 100% oil-grease, and 93.0% color removal efficiency. The laboratory-scale test results indicate that the combined EC-SBR processes were feasible for the treatment of vegetable oil wastewater.