Decoherence in two-dimensional quantum random walks with traps


Gönülol M. , Aydiner E., Mustecaplioglu O. E.

PHYSICAL REVIEW A, cilt.80, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

Özet

Quantum random walk in a two-dimensional lattice with randomly distributed traps is investigated. Distributions of quantum walkers are evaluated dynamically for the cases of Hadamard, Fourier, and Grover coins, and quantum to classical transition is examined as a function of the density of the traps. It is shown that traps act as a serious and additional source of quantum decoherence. Furthermore, nontrivial temporal dependence of the standard deviation of the probability distribution of the walker is found when the trapping imperfections are introduced.

Quantum random walk in a two-dimensional lattice with randomly distributed traps is investigated. Distributions of quantum walkers are evaluated dynamically for the cases of Hadamard, Fourier, and Grover coins, and quantum to classical transition is examined as a function of the density of the traps. It is shown that traps act as a serious and additional source of quantum decoherence. Furthermore, nontrivial temporal dependence of the standard deviation of the probability distribution of the walker is found when the trapping imperfections are introduced.