Persistent left superior vena cava, absence of the innominate vein, and upper sinus venosus defect A rare anomaly detected using bubbles

Akpinar I., Sayin M. R. , Karabag T., Dogan S. M. , Sen S. T. , Gudul N. E. , ...Daha Fazla

HERZ, cilt.38, ss.317-320, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00059-012-3704-z
  • Dergi Adı: HERZ
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.317-320


Superior vena cava anomalies are rare malformations that are typically seen with other congenital cardiac defects. Although a persistent left superior vena cava is the most common anomaly of the systemic venous return in the thorax, its combination with an upper sinus venosus defect and absence of the innominate vein is extremely rare. Here, we report a patient diagnosed with these anomalies based on a bubble study and confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging.