Mutations of the SH3BP2 Gene in 2 Families of Cherubism


Tuna E. B. , SHIMIZU T., Seymen F. , Yildirim M., Gencay K., MAEDA T.

PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, cilt.34, ss.198-202, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Dergi Adı: PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.198-202

Özet

Purpose: Cherubism is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by abnormal bone tissue in the lower port of the face. Mutations in the gene coding for SH3BP2 hove been identified in about 80% of people with cherubism. The aim of this study was to determine whether a mutation in the SH3BP2 gene was the molecular basis of cherubism in two unrelated families. Methods: Two cases of the aggressive form of Cherubism were described in two Turkish families with extensive bilateral swelling in the mandible, typical pathological features and familial history Genomic DNA was extracted from six affected and three unaffected individuals from two families, and mutations in the SH3BP2 were detected by PCR, and direct DNA sequencing was carried out. Results: In the first family a missense mutation Arg415Gln was found in exon 9 of the SH3BP2 in all affected individuals. The unaffected individuals did not have this mutation. In the second family another missense mutation Pro418Thr was identified in exon 9 of the SH3BP2 in the patient and his mother with cherubism. Conclusions: We detected the point mutations in the SH3BP2 gene in the patients with multiple affected individuals. Genotype-phenotype association studies in individuals with cherubism are necessary to provide important knowledge about molecular mechanisms of the disease. (Pediatr Dent 2012;34:198-202) Received August 2, 2010 vertical bar Last Revision April 10, 2071 vertical bar Accepted April 11, 2011