INTERNATIONAL OPHTHALMOLOGY, vol.43, no.1, pp.197-205, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
Purpose To investigate how anterior segment parameters affect the success of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in patients with endothelial insufficiency without stromal opacities and to identify factors predisposing them to repeat keratoplasty. Methods Our prospective observational study included patients who underwent primary DMEK for Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy and pseudophakic bullous keratopathy between March 2019 and March 2020. After a detailed ophthalmologic examination, corneal topographic analysis, anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) scans, endothelial cell density (ECD) and axial length (AL) measurements were performed. Surgical success was defined as no endothelial dysfunction during follow-up. Changes in the parameters and how preoperative parameters affect surgical success were investigated. Results In 43 eyes of 43 patients (mean age: 68.58 +/- 8.51 years), mean visual acuity was 1.73 +/- 0.74 LogMAR before DMEK and 0.31 +/- 0.29 LogMAR in the final visit. Central corneal thickness (CCT, p = 0.026) and mean anterior chamber depth (ACD, p = 0.001) affected surgical success. Preoperative CCT values greater than 770 mu m increased the risk of repeat keratoplasty by 8.75-fold, whereas preoperative ACD values less than 2.5 mm increased the risk by 2.92-fold. Conclusion Preoperative higher CCT and lower ACD values were associated with surgical failure after DMEK. Early surgery may be considered for more successful results.