Isomer-specific analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls in harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) from the Black Sea

Tanabe S., Madhusree B., Ozturk A., Tatsukawa R., Miyazaki N., Ozdamar E., ...More

Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol.34, no.9, pp.712-720, 1997 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0025-326x(97)00015-5
  • Journal Name: Marine Pollution Bulletin
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.712-720
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


The highly toxic coplanar PCBs and other isomers were determined in harbour porpoises and fish (porpoise diet) collected from the Turkish coastal water of the Black Sea, during 1993, The concentrations of total PCBs were found in the range of 5.0-34 mu g g(-1) wet wt in the blubber of porpoises, Highly chlorinated members such as IUPAC Nos 138, 153 and 180 were the dominant congeners, consisting of 41% of the total PCB concentrations, The mean total 2,3,7,8-TCDD toxic equivalents (TEQs) of 13 coplanar PCBs including non-, mono- and di-ortho congeners were 1400 pg g(-1) wet wt in the blubber of males and 300 pg g(-1) wet wt in females, The IUPAC No, 118 was the most contributing congener occupying about 60% of the total TEQs, The most toxic non-ortho chlorine substituted coplanar PCBs such as IUPAC No, 77, 126 and 169 were minor contributors and accounted for 7.8, 4.2 and 0.7%, respectively, of the total TEQs, The activities of PB and MC-type enzymes were found to be low in Black Sea harbour porpoises, suggesting long term accumulation and possible toxic effects of PCBs in this species. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.