Golden Horn Estuary: Description of the ecosystem and an attempt to assess its ecological quality status using various classification metrics

Albayrak S. , Balkis N. , Balkis H. , Zenetos A., Mülayim Kurun A. , Karhan S. U. , ...More

MEDITERRANEAN MARINE SCIENCE, vol.11, pp.295-313, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.12681/mms.78
  • Page Numbers: pp.295-313


In this paper, we describe the pelagic and benthic ecosystem of the Golden Horn estuary opening into the Marmara Sea. To improve the water quality of the estuary, which had long been subject to severe anthropogenic pollution (industrial, chemical, shipping), industrial facilities were moved from the estuary in the 1980s, followed by a rehabilitation plan in the 1990s. Our results, based on chemical parameters and phytoplankton showed some signs of improvement of water conditions in the upper layer. However, macrozoobenthic findings of this study did not reflect such a recovery in bottom life.