Repulsive Casimir Force of the Free and Harmonically Trapped Bose Gas in the Bose-Einstein Condensate Phase


ANNALEN DER PHYSIK, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/andp.202000178
  • Title of Journal : ANNALEN DER PHYSIK


In this study, ideal free and harmonically trapped Bose gases confined by two plates in thex-y-plane in-between distancedare considered. The Casimir potential is obtained from the grand canonical potential of these quantum Bose gases for the Zaremba and the anti-periodic boundary conditions. The Casimir force is then obtained for the Bose-Einstein condensate phaseT <= Tcand for the non-condensate phaseT>Tc. It is shown that Casimir forces are repulsive for these boundary conditions. Additionally, it is shown that Casimir forces exponentially decay in the non-condensate phaseT>Tcwith the decay lengths. These decay lengths were discussed and compared for different boundary conditions. As a result, new results are obtained for harmonically trapped Bose gas and the free gas results are compared with previous results.