Impact of Economic Freedom and Educational Attainment on Life Expectancy: Evidence From the New EU Member States

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Moga Rogoz A. T., SART G., Bayar Y., Gavriletea M. D.

FRONTIERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH, vol.10, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/fpubh.2022.907138
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: life expectancy, economic freedom, educational attainment, panel causality analysis, panel cointegration analysis, DETERMINANTS, HEALTH, MORTALITY, INCOME, LEVEL
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Life expectancy is a significant indicator of public health, life quality, welfare and economic development. Therefore, improvement in life expectancy is among the priority targets of the countries. This paper investigates the effect of economic freedom and educational attainment on life expectancy in the new EU member states, experiencing an institutional, educational, and economic transformation, during the period 2000-2019 by using cointegration and causality tests, because economic freedom and educational attainment can foster the life expectancy through institutional and economic variables such as institutions, governance, sound monetary and fiscal policies, economic growth, innovation, technological development, better living standards and access to superior healthcare services. The causality and cointegration analyses reveal that economic freedom and educational attainment are significant factors underlying life expectancy in the short and long term. However, educational attainment is found to be more effective on life expectancy than economic freedom. The findings have important implications for educational and health policies in analyzed countries. Governments must understand the education-health relationship to be able to develop and promote educational policies that have the potential to improve public health.