Effectiveness and safety of epilepsy surgery for pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy: A clinical retrospective study from a single-center experience.

Dolgun M., Dölen D., Uyur Yalçın E., Dolaş İ., Ünal T. C., Şirin N. G., ...More

PEDIATRIC NEUROSURGERY, vol.59, no.1, pp.1-13, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 59 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000535023
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-13
  • Keywords: Drug-resistant epilepsy, Epilepsy surgery, Functional neurosurgery, Pediatric epilepsy
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: Pediatric epilepsy surgery is an effective treatment modality for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Early pediatric surgery yields favorable results for DRE in terms of seizure control and neurophysiological outcome. In this study, pediatric patients were categorized based on their age (above 3 years old and below 3 years old) to demonstrate the effectiveness and safety of surgical procedures.Methods: In this retrospective, single-center study, 60 pediatric patients who underwent epilepsy surgery at Istanbul Faculty of Medicine between 2002 and 2018, were evaluated. Overall morbidity/mortality rates and mortality rates, as well asseizure outcomes of the patients, were assessed and compared based on two age groups: those aged 3 years old or younger and those older than 3 years old. The effectiveness of invasive monitoring was also evaluated in relation to pathological results. The postoperative seizure outcome rates were evaluated using Engel's classification, with an average follow-up period of 8.7 years.Results: Out of the total number of patients, 47 (78.4%) underwent resective surgery while 13 (21.6%) had palliative surgery. Ten patients (16.6%) had invasive monitoring. Among all patients, 34 were classified as Engel I and II (56.6%), while 26 were classified as Engel III and IV (43.4%) postoperatively. %47 of patients who were under three years old, 60.4% of patients who were over three years old, and 50% of patients who underwent invasive monitoring had a favorable seizure outcome (Engel I-II). Postoperative morbidity and mortality rates were 35% (n=21) and 1.6% (n=1), respectively.Conclusion: Pediatric epilepsy surgery is an important treatment modality for preserving cognitive abilities and providing effective treatment for pediatric DRE. In our study, we claim that both invasive monitoring and epilepsy surgery lead to favorable seizure outcomes for all age groups. Further clinical studies should be conducted to provide more reliable data on the safety and effectiveness of the surgery, particularly in patients under the age of three.