Clinical and molecular findings in 6 Turkish cases with Krabbe disease


Aslanger A. D. , Şengenç E., Kölemen A. B. , Demiral E., ALKAN A., İşcan A., ...More

Turkish Journal of Pediatrics, vol.64, no.1, pp.69-78, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.24953/turkjped.2020.3713
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.69-78
  • Keywords: GALC gene, Krabbe disease, newborn screening tests, GALC GENE, MUTATIONS

Abstract

© 2022, Turkish National Pediatric Society. All rights reserved.Background. Krabbe disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder with a neurodegenerative course that occurs because of the deficiency of the beta-galactocerebrosidase (GALC) enzyme activity. The genetic basis of Krabbe disease consists of biallelic mutations in the GALC gene, but the genetic spectrum in the Turkish population is poorly defined. We aimed to present a Turkish case-series with infantile-onset Krabbe disease, define the clinical and molecular findings and compare the genetic spectrum with the mutations previously reported in the literature. Methods. Six cases, who were referred to our clinic between 2015-2019, with a definite diagnosis of infantile-onset Krabbe disease were included in the study. The family history, clinical information, biochemical and radiological examinations of the patients were screened and evaluated. All encoded exons and exon-intron regions of the GALC gene were sequenced using next generation sequencing technology. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analysis was used for deletion type mutations that could not be detected by sequence analysis. Results. GALC gene sequence analysis revealed four known mutations including c.1394C>T (p.Thr465Ile), c.411_413delTAA (p.Lys139del), c.820G>C (p.Glu274Gln), and 30 kilobase deletion mutation among the exons 11-17 (IVS10del30kbp). Moreover, the c.1623G>A (p.Trp541Ter) variant, which was not previously reported in the literature, was detected in two cases. Conclusions. We believe that the demonstration of the genetic spectrum of infantile-onset Krabbe disease in Turkish patients will be an important contribution to the GALC mutation data in our country. More importantly, two novel variants were defined. This knowledge may enable early detection and treatment with the advent of a carrier or newborn screening tests.