The effect of neutralizing agent on the synthesis and characterization of Mn3O4 nanoparticles

Durmus Z., Tomas M., Baykal A., Kavas H., Altincekic T. G., Toprak M. S.

RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol.55, no.12, pp.1947-1952, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


We report on the synthesis of Mn3O4 nanoparticles via a two-step hydrothermal route by using Mn(CH3COO)(2) as the only starting material and TMAOH and NaOH as hydrolysing agents. XRD and FT-IR analyses confirmed the composition and structure of Mn3O4. TEM images showed that spheroid Mn3O4 nanostructures obtained by this method have average particle size of 6 and 14 nm for NaOH and TMAOH hydrolyzed samples respectively. Particle size analysis indicated a strong aggregation of nanoparticles and exhibited bi-modal distribution with average size of aggregates as similar to 250 nm and 1.1 mu m for both samples. Zeta potential analysis revealed adsorbed TMAOH species on the surface of Mn3O4 nanoparticles hydrolyzed using TMAOH. ESR analyses resulted in broader lines and smaller g values than bulk Mn3O4 nanoparticles, probably due to the exchange-coupled system with unlike spins such as canted spin at surface of high-surface-disordered nanoparticles.