International Conference on Eurasian Economies, İstanbul, Turkey, 24 - 25 August 2021, pp.1-6
The production pattern is a “production composition” which gives the most suitable combination for the physical and ecological characteristics of the arable land. It is determined according to the current and potential demand for agricultural goods- both domestic as well as foreign demand-.
Once the product pattern is determined, it will be use as an important data for increasing the efficiency of the agricultural sector, as well as for agricultural planning and for effective use of natural resources.
One of the goals of agricultural policies is to establish an “optimal balance” for agricultural producers and consumers via establishing the demand and supply balance on each product level, and to create an “optimal product pattern” by directing this agricultural production.
To be able to achieve this goal, “agricultural policies” and among them, especially “agricultural support policies” appears to play an especially important role.
In this article, we will first summarize the importance and the general characteristics the agricultural sector and and give a general view of the agricultural policies and their effects on the product pattern.
Then we will briefly mention two case studies in how the product pattern is determined; then, we will be discussing the effects of the changes in the climate, population rates and structure and the gradual decrease of agricultural areas on the product pattern.