Post-transplant glucose status in 61 pediatric renal transplant recipients: Preliminary results of five Turkish pediatric nephrology centers


Buyan N., Bilge I., Turkmen M. A. , Bayrakci U., Emre S., Fidan K., ...More

PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANTATION, vol.14, no.2, pp.203-211, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2009.01192.x
  • Title of Journal : PEDIATRIC TRANSPLANTATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-211
  • Keywords: calcineurin inhibitors, children, complications, immunosuppression, kidney transplantation, long-term results, ONSET DIABETES-MELLITUS, BODY-MASS INDEX, KIDNEY-TRANSPLANTATION, INSULIN SENSITIVITY, RANDOMIZED-TRIAL, TACROLIMUS FK506, CYCLOSPORINE, TOLERANCE, RISK, SECRETION

Abstract

To assess the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of PTDM, a total of 61 non-diabetic children (24 girls, 37 boys, age: 14.5 +/- 2.1 yr) were examined after their first kidney transplantation (37.3 +/- 21.6 months) with an OGTT. At baseline, 16 (26.2%) patients had IGT, 45 (73.8%) had NGT, and no patient had PTDM. No significant difference was shown between TAC- and CSA-treated patients in terms of IGT. Higher BMI z-scores (p = 0.011), LDL-cholesterol (p < 0.05) and triglyceride levels (p < 0.01), HOMA-IR (p = 0.013) and lower HOMA-%beta (p = 0.011) were significantly associated with IGT. Fifty-four patients were re-evaluated after six months; eight patients with baseline IGT (50%) improved to NGT, three (19%) developed PTDM requiring insulin therapy, five (31%) remained with IGT, and four patients progressed from NGT to either IGT (two) or PTDM (two). These 12 progressive patients had significantly higher total cholesterol (p < 0.05), triglycerides (p < 0.05), HOMA-IR (p < 0.01) and lower HOMA-%beta (p < 0.0) than non-progressive patients at baseline. We can conclude that post-transplantation glucose abnormalities are common in Turkish pediatric kidney recipients, and higher BMI z-scores and triglyceride concentrations are the main risk factors. Considering that the progressive patients are significantly more insulin resistant at baseline, we suggest that the utility of both HOMA-IR and HOMA-%beta in predicting future risk of PTDM and/or IGT should be evaluated in children.