Gestational Diabetes Mellitus with Diabetic Ketoacidosis in a Yorkshire Terrier Bitch

Armenise A., Pastorelli G., Palmisano A., Sontas H. B., Romagnoli S.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ANIMAL HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION, vol.47, no.4, pp.285-289, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


A 6 yr old pregnant Yorkshire terrier bitch presented 62 days after mating with an acute history of vomiting and coughing. The owners also reported that the dog was polyuric and polydypsic for the last 2 weeks. Complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and urinalysis revealed hyperglycemia, ketonemia, ketonuria, and metabolic acidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis was diagnosed and after emergency treatment, including fluid therapy, prophylactic antibiotics, and regular insulin, the bitch whelped six healthy normal puppies. Two weeks after treatment, the bitch was clinically normal with normal fructosamine levels. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of gestational diabetes mellitus in a small breed dog. (J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2011; 47: 285-289. DOI 10.5326/JAAHA-MS-5668)