Armed conflicts continue to occur in some regions of the globe, mostly in developing countries. These man-made disasters affect all segments of the population; however, some groups are more vulnerable and suffer more seriously from the unfavorable consequences of such conflicts. Among these, the pediatric population deserves special attention because they cannot protect themselves, and hence carry a higher threat of injuries and probability of death during conflicts. In addition, children who do survive the disaster are more prone to exploitation. Pediatric victims, including those who sustain acute kidney injury or those suffering from chronic kidney disease before armed conflicts, face higher risks of morbidity and mortality as a result of treatment problems, specifically limited dialysis options. Displaced children, forced to flee their homes as a result of armed conflicts, are also at risk for various health problems because they may not find ideal circumstances for disease treatment. Making preparations in anticipation of armed conflicts, such as disaster-relief scenarios and action plans, may be useful to decrease the death toll in these children, who are dependent on their caregivers for survival. Adopting principles of disaster nephrology may contribute to improved survival chances of pediatric kidney patients in chaotic circumstances. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.