The mediating effect of job motivation on the relationship between career barriers and nurses’ turnover intention


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Yeşilyurt T., Göktepe N., Polat Ş.

COLLEGIAN, vol.11, no.11, pp.1-7, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.colegn.2023.09.002
  • Journal Name: COLLEGIAN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-7
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Abstract

Background

Numerous organisational variables have been shown to be associated with nurse turnover, and evidence of the negative impact of nurse turnover on patients and healthcare organisations is accumulating. However, little is known about the impact of nurses' career barriers on nurses’ turnover intentions.

Aim

This study aimed to examine the effect of variables related to nurses’ sociodemographic and working characteristics, career barriers, and work motivation on turnover intentions, and reveal the mediating effect of job motivation on the relationship between career barriers on turnover intentions.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted using an online questionnaire distributed among nurses working in university, private, and public hospitals in Turkey. The sample of the study consisted of 404 nurses, and the Demographic and Work-Related Variables Questionnaire, Career Barriers in Nursing Scale, Nurses Job Motivation Scale, and the Turnover Intention Scale were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation analysis, multiple-regression analysis, and mediating effect analysis with HAYES (Model 4) were used in data analysis.

Findings

The regression analysis determined that seven independent variables (type of hospital, duration of current hospital experience, choosing the profession willingly, satisfaction with career opportunities in the current hospital, having a career goal, career barriers, and job motivation) affected nurses’ turnover intention, and these variables explained 41% of the total variance. It was also found that job motivation has a mediating effect on the relationship between career barriers and turnover intention.

Conclusion

This study found that nurses’ turnover intentions were affected by variables such as career barriers, job motivation, and sociodemographic/working characteristics, with job motivation having a mediating effect on the relationship between career barriers and turnover intention. An additional finding was that as job motivation increases, turnover intention caused by career barriers decreases. It is important that managers and policymakers implement practices aimed at reducing career barriers and study the factors that increase nurses’ job motivation in order to maintain nurse retention.