Estimating the Optimal Dexketoprofen Pharmaceutical Formulation with Machine Learning Methods and Statistical Approaches

Baskor A., Tok Y. P. , Mesut B. , Ozsoy Y. , Ucar T.

HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS RESEARCH, vol.27, no.4, pp.279-286, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.4258/hir.2021.27.4.279
  • Page Numbers: pp.279-286
  • Keywords: Machine Learning, Statistics, Data Analysis, Dexketoprofen Trometamol, Pharmaceutical Preparations, PREDICTION


Objectives: Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) can be utilized without any drinking water; this feature makes ODTs easy to use and suitable for specific groups of patients. Oral administration of drugs is the most commonly used route, and tablets constitute the most preferable pharmaceutical dosage form. However, the preparation of ODTs is costly and requires long trials, which creates obstacles for dosage trials. The aim of this study was to identify the most appropriate formulation using machine learning (ML) models of ODT dexketoprofen formulations, with the goal of providing a cost-effective and time-reducing solution. Methods: This research utilized nonlinear regression models, including the k-nearest neighborhood (k-NN), support vector regression (SVR), classification and regression tree (CART), bootstrap aggregating (bagging), random forest (RF), gradient boosting machine (GBM), and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) methods, as well as the t-test, to predict the quantity of various components in the dexketoprofen formulation within fixed criteria. Results: All the models were developed with Python libraries. The performance of the ML models was evaluated with R-2 values and the root mean square error. Hardness values of 0.99 and 2.88, friability values of 0.92 and 0.02, and disintegration time values of 0.97 and 10.09 using the GBM algorithm gave the best results. Conclusions: In this study, we developed a computational approach to estimate the optimal pharmaceutical formulation of dexketoprofen. The results were evaluated by an expert, and it was found that they complied with Food and Drug Administration criteria.