This study investigated the removal of Reactive Black 5 (RB5) textile dye from aqueous solutions using cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seed shell (CSS) as low cost adsorbents. The data were described according to the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models. Of these, the Langmuir model provided the best fit for the experimental data. The highest measured adsorption density was 12.19 mg/g at pH 2. An equilibrium adsorption rate of RB5 by CSS (q(e) = 11.879 mg/g) was observed at 30 minutes. In order to evaluate the adsorption kinetic mechanisms, pseudo first and second order rate kinetic models and an intraparticle diffusion model were applied, with the pseudo second order model providing an excellent fit for the data. Water Environ. Res., 84, 323 (2012).