A novel gold nanocluster-based fluorometric biosensor for measuring prooxidant activity with a large Stokes shift

Akyüz E., Sen F. B., Bener M., Bakan K. S., Apak R.

TALANTA, vol.208, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 208
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.talanta.2019.120425
  • Journal Name: TALANTA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, L'Année philologique, Aerospace Database, Analytical Abstracts, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Linguistic Bibliography, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Prooxidant biosensor, Fluorogenic gold nanocluster (AuNC-FL), Chicken egg white proteins (CEW), Large Stokes shift, Natural antioxidants, PROTEIN-DIRECTED SYNTHESIS, PHENOLIC-COMPOUNDS, ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES, IN-VIVO, ROSMARINIC ACID, POLYPHENOLS, TEA, FLUORESCENCE, GLUTATHIONE, FLAVONOIDS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


A chicken egg white protein-protected gold nanocluster (CEW - AuNC) based fluorogenic biosensor, where protein was used as both reducing and protecting agent, was developed to determine the Cu(II)- induced prooxidant activity of natural antioxidants abundant in food and biological samples. Gold nanoclusters, prepared using egg white proteins, exhibited strong fluorescence. The prooxidant activity of the tested antioxidants was indirectly measured by their reducing action on Cu(II) to Cu(I), and the reduced cuprous ion was bound to the thiol groups in the CEW - AuNC structure, causing a decrease in fluorescence intensity. Epicatechin, catechin, epigallocatechin gallate, morin, rutin, quercetin, gallic, chlorogenic, and rosmarinic acids, glutathione, cysteine, N - acetyl cysteine, bilirubin, resveratrol, and alpha-tocopherol were studied as natural antioxidants. A fluorometric method showing a large Stokes shift with excitation/emission maxima at 360/640 nm was developed to sensitively measure the decrease in the fluorescence of CEW - AuNC associated with the binding of copper(I) to the protein structure. Total prooxidant activities of the binary, ternary, and quaternary synthetic mixtures and of some food and synthetic serum samples were determined. The biosensor response was statistically compared to that of its spectrophotometric counterpart. This method can be used for the control of the oxidative stability of foods with a prolonged shelf life.