Exonic microdeletions of the gephyrin gene impair GABAergic synaptic inhibition in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy


Dejanovic B. L., Lal D., Catarino C. B., Arjune S., Belaidi A. A., Trucks H., ...More

NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE, vol.67, pp.88-96, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nbd.2014.02.001
  • Journal Name: NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.88-96
  • Keywords: Idiopathic generalized epilepsy, Microdeletion, GPHN, Gephyrin, MOLYBDENUM COFACTOR DEFICIENCY, TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION, CLUSTERING PROTEIN GEPHYRIN, MOTOR CORTEX EXCITABILITY, GABA(A) RECEPTOR SUBTYPES, DIRECT BINDING, NEURODEVELOPMENTAL DISEASE, 16P13.11 PREDISPOSE, GAMMA-2 SUBUNIT, DOWN-REGULATION
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Gephyrin is a postsynaptic scaffolding protein, essential for the clustering of glycine and gamma-aminobutyric acid type-A receptors (GABA(A)Rs) at inhibitory synapses. An impairment of GABAergic synaptic inhibition represents a key pathway of epileptogenesis. Recently, exonic microdeletions in the gephyrin (GPHN) gene have been associated with neurodevelopmental disorders including autism spectrum disorder, schizophrenia and epileptic seizures. Here we report the identification of novel exonic GPHN microdeletions in two patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (ICE), representing the most common group of genetically determined epilepsies. The identified GPHN microdeletions involve exons 5-9 (Delta 5-9) and 2-3 (Delta 2-3), both affecting the gephyrin G-domain. Molecular characterization of the GPHN Delta 5-9 variant demonstrated that it perturbs the clustering of regular gephyrin at inhibitory synapses in cultured mouse hippocampal neurons in a dominant-negative manner, resulting in a significant loss of gamma(2)-subunit containing GABAARs. GPHN Delta 2-3 causes a frameshift resulting in a premature stop codon (p.V22Gfs*7) leading to haplo-insufficiency of the gene. Our results demonstrate that structural exonic microdeletions affecting the GPHN gene constitute a rare genetic risk factor for IGE and other neuropsychiatric disorders by an impairment of the GABAergic inhibitory synaptic transmission. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier Inc.