THREE CITIES AND THREE MAYORS: THE EXPERIENCES OF SOCIAL DEMOCRAT LOCAL GOVERNING IN ISTANBUL ANKARA AND IZMIR IN THE NEO-LIBERAL PERIOD (1989-1994)


Kurtulus H., ASLAN Ş.

ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF POLITICAL SCIENCES-SIYASAL BILGILER FAKULTESI DERGISI, ss.17-42, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: Konu: 54
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF POLITICAL SCIENCES-SIYASAL BILGILER FAKULTESI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.17-42

Özet

Conservative right-wing governments have been in power and implementing neo-liberal economic policies nearly without any interruption since 1983. Nevertheless, neo liberal policies were interrupted between 1989 and 1994 in terms of local governing. Social democratic candidates for local governments were elected in Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir in the 1989 local elections. It is important to draw attention to the differences and intersections of the policies implemented by these social democrat mayors whom elected for the period of 1989-1994 in these three main cities of Turkey and compare them to the collectivist governing experience of the 1970s and the social governing experience of mayors from AKP after 1999. These differences and intersections are related to the socio-spatial contingencies, political backgrounds of the three mayors and their approach to local governing as well as production of urban policies, political actors and power relations. This paper aims at debating three social democratic experiences of three mayors, which have their own differences, in three main metropolitan cities in Turkey between 1989 and 1994 in this framework.