This case report describes the use of low-dose prolonged infusion of tissue-typed plasminogen activator in the treatment of renal artery thromboembolism secondary to prosthetic valve thrombosis, under the guidance of multimodality imaging. Thromboembolic occlusion of renal arteries is a rare disorder with serious consequences. It is generally associated with cardiac diseases and arrhytmias. Four consecutive doses of low-dose prolonged infusion of tissue-typed plasminogen activator [25mg tissue-typed plasminogen activator (tpa) in 6 h] were administered to the patient. This case of renal artery thromboembolism secondary to mitral mechanical prosthetic valve thrombosis was successfully treated with low-dose prolonged infusion of tPA under the guidance of multimodality imaging with renal artery Doppler ultrasonography, multislice computerized tomographic angiography, renal angiography, two-dimensional and real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography. This case has demonstrated that low-dose prolonged infusion of tissue-typed plasminogen activator may be effective and well tolerated in the treatment of renal embolism. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 23: 663-665 (C) 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.