INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS, vol.369, pp.144-154, 2009 (SCI-Expanded)
Gene therapy based on small interfering RNA (siRNA) has emerged as an exciting new therapeutic approach. However, insufficient cellular uptake and poor stability have limited its usefulness. Polyethyleneimine (PEI) has been extensively studied as a vector for nucleic acids and incorporation of PEI into poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) particles has been shown to be useful in the development of gene delivery. PEI was incorporated into the PLGA particles by spontaneous modified emulsification diffusion method. Incorporation of PEI into PLGA particles with the PLGA to PEI weight ratio 29:1 was found to produce spherical and positively charged nanoparticles where type of polymer, type and concentration of surfactant could affect their physical properties. Particle size of around 100 nm was obtained when 5% (m/v) PVA was used as a stabiliser. PLGA-PEI nanoparticles were able to completely bind siRNA at N/P ratio 20:1 and to provide protection for siRNA against nuclease degradation. In vitro cell culture studies subsequently revealed that PLGA-PEI nanoparticles with adsorbed siRNA could efficiently silence the targeted gene in mammalian cells, better than PEI alone, with acceptable cell viability. PLGA-PEI nanoparticles have been found to be superior to its cationising parent compound; PEI polymer. Crown Copyright (C) 2008 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.