We report the case of an inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen in an asymptomatic 55-year-old woman, whose lesion was accidentally found and clinically misdiagnosed to be lymphoma. An inflammatory pseudotumor of the spleen was histopathologically diagnosed following a splenectomy. This lesion is a benign, reactive, and inflammatory process and its etiopathogenesis still remains elusive. The preoperative diagnosis is difficult and the optimal management of the asymptomastic patient with the disease is unclear. This entity should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis of splenic space-occupying lesions.