FEBS LETTERS, vol.473, no.1, pp.27-32, 2000 (SCI-Expanded)
Intracellular CD95/Fas-signaling pathways have not been investigated in melanoma yet, Two different CD95 receptor-induced apoptotic pathways are presently known in other cell types: (i) direct activation of caspase-8 and (ii) induction of ceramide-mediated mitochondrial activation, both leading to subsequent caspase-3 activation. In the present study, five of II melanoma cell populations were shown to release cytochrome c from mitochondria, which activates caspase-3 and finally results in DNA fragmentation upon treatment with the agonistic monoclonal antibody CH-11. In contrast, this apoptotic pathway was not activated in the remaining six melanoma cell populations, interestingly, the susceptibility of melanoma cells to CD95L/FasL-triggered cell death was clearly correlated with N-acetylsphingosine-mediated apoptosis, Our results are in line with a defect upstream of mitochondrial cytochrome c release in resistant cells. (C) 2000 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.