SEPTIN12 c.474 G > A polymorphism as a risk factor in teratozoospermic patients


MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, vol.48, no.5, pp.4073-4081, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-021-06417-7
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.4073-4081
  • Keywords: c.474 G > A polymorphism, Male infertility, SEPTIN12, Teratozoospermia
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Teratozoospermia is a condition related to poor morphologically normal sperm count below the lower reference limit, which could hinder natural conception. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes involved in sperm production and testicular function are proved to be risk factors, resulting in decreased sperm parameters and defects in sperm morphology. c.474 G > A polymorphism in the SEPTIN12 gene which is one of the testis-specific genes creates a novel splice variant and the resulting truncated protein was previously found to be more prevalent in infertile men. We aimed to investigate the association of SEPTIN12 c.474 G > A polymorphism with male infertility in teratozoospermia patients. Forty-eight teratozoospermic patients, diagnosed according to Kruger's criteria and 164 fertile controls who fathered at least 1 child within 3 years without assisted reproductive technologies were included into our prospective randomized controlled study. PCR-RFLP method was used for genotyping. Although no statistical difference was found between teratozoospermic patients and fertile controls in terms of genotype distributions, significance was identified between the genotypes of all and non-smoking teratozoopermic patients in terms of neck defects. SEPTIN12 c.474 G > A polymorphism was shown to be associated with sperm neck defects in teratozoospermic patients using the dominant statistical model. Smoking was identified as a risk factor for the sperm morphology defects in teratozoospermic A allele carriers.