Immunolocalization of Fertilin beta, IZUMO1, and P34H in Ram Spermatozoa

Gundogan G. I., AKTAŞ A.

BIOPRESERVATION AND BIOBANKING, vol.19, pp.470-482, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1089/bio.2021.0006
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.470-482
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


According to various reports, current methods of sperm freezing destroy the integrity of the sperm plasma membrane and acrosome. This study aimed to determine the changes in the existence and location of three proteins, namely fertilin beta, IZUMO1, and P34H, in ram spermatozoa. By using frozen-thawed spermatozoa, ejaculated fresh spermatozoa, and testicular and epididymal spermatozoa (obtained from caput, corpus, and caudal regions), the localizations of the mentioned proteins were performed using signal labeling with indirect immunofluorescence, and the quantification of these proteins was compared using Western blot analyses. Moreover, protein localization and signal labeling in fresh and frozen-thawed spermatozoa subjected to in vitro capacitation and acrosome reaction were compared. Using chlortetracycline (CTC) staining, as expected, it was detected that after incubating for 4 hours under capacitating conditions related to the control sample (0 hour), capacitated and acrosome-reacted sperm were increased (p < 0.001). Frozen-thawed samples had a lower density and expression than the ejaculate samples. Expression was not obtained, except for IZUMO1, from samples that underwent in vitro capacitation/acrosome reactions. Expression of IZUMO1 was seen as an increasing band formation from the equatorial region through the acrosome, after in vitro capacitation. However, after the acrosome reaction, the band formation was only on the equatorial region. Region-specific differences of proteins at the kDa level were obtained using Western blot analysis and possible isoforms specific to ram spermatozoa or proteins with similar epitopes were expressed. Considering the changes in surface proteins in frozen-thawed sperm, it is suggested that fertilin beta and P34H can be used as fertility or freezability markers.