Colorimetric and electrochemical detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen with a gold nanoparticle-based biosensor

Karakus E., Erdemir E., Demirbilek N., Liv L.

ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA, vol.1182, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1182
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.aca.2021.338939
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Artic & Antarctic Regions, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Colorimetric biosensor, Electrochemical biosensor, Gold&nbsp, nanoparticles, Dual-sensing&nbsp, probe, VIRUS, ANTIBODY, IMMUNOASSAY, ASSAY
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Since emerging in China in December 2019, COVID-19 has spread globally, wreaked havoc for public health and economies worldwide and, given the high infectivity and unexpectedly rapid spread of the virus responsibledthat is, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)durged the World Health Organization to declare it a pandemic. In response, reducing the virus's adverse effects requires developing methods of early diagnosis that are reliable, are inexpensive and offer rapid response. As demonstrated in this article, the colorimetric and electrochemical detection of SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen with gold nanoparticle-based biosensors may be one such method. In the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen, gold nanoparticles aggregated rapidly and irreversibly due to antibody eantigen interaction and consequently changed in colour from red to purple, as easily observable with the naked eye or UVeVis spectrometry by way of spectral redshifting with a detection limit of 48 ng/mL. Moreover, electrochemical detection was achieved by dropping developed probe solution onto the commercially available and disposable screen-printed gold electrode without requiring any electrode preparation and modification. The method identified 1 pg/mL of the SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen and showed a linear response to the SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen ranging from 1 pg/mL to 10 ng/mL. Both methods were highly specific to detecting the SARS-CoV-2 spike antigen but not other antigens, including influenza A (i.e. H1N1), MERS-CoV and Streptococcus pneumoniae, even at high concentrations. (c) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.