Melange genesis and ophiolite emplacement related to subduction of the northern margin of the Tauride-Anatolide continent, central and western Turkey

Robertson A. H. F. , PARLAK O., Ustaoemer T.

Geological Society Special Publication, cilt.311, ss.9-66, 2009 (SCI Expanded İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 311
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1144/sp311.2
  • Dergi Adı: Geological Society Special Publication
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.9-66


The Tauride-Anatolide continent, stretching for c. 900 km across western and central Turkey, is one of the world's best example of a subducted, exhumed passive margin within a collisional orogen. Twelve widely separated areas were studied and correlated to develop a new platetectonic model. A metamorphosed, rifted continental margin of Triassic-Lower Cretaceous age (Tauride-Anatolide platform) is overlain by Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Lower Maastrichtian) pelagic sediments and then by both tectonic melange (subduction complexes) and sedimentary melange (foredeep gravity complexes). The melanges are overthrust by unmetamorphosed ophiolitic rocks, commonly peridotites with swarms of diabase/gabbro dykes, and are underlain by metamorphic soles. New geochemical evidence from basaltic blocks in the melange indicates predominantly subduction influenced, within-plate and mid-ocean ridge-type settings. The dykes cutting the ophiolites were probably intruded during early-stage intra-oceanic arc genesis. The metamorphosed continental margin, melanges and ophiolites in the north (Anatolides) are correlated with unmetamorphosed equivalents in the Taurides further south (e. g. Beysehir and Lycian nappes).