DNA Methylation Pattern of Gene Promoters of MB-COMT, DRD2, and NR3C1 in Turkish Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia


Aytac H. M., Oyaci Y., Pehlivan M., PEHLİVAN S.

CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE, vol.20, no.4, pp.685-693, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.9758/cpn.2022.20.4.685
  • Journal Name: CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY AND NEUROSCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, EMBASE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.685-693
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: We aim to evaluate the methylation status of membrane-bound catechol-O-methyltransferase (MB-COMT) promotor, dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2), and nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1 (NR3C1) gene in pa-tients with SCZ by comparing healthy controls.Methods: A sample of 110 patients with SCZ and 100 age-and sex-matched healthy volunteers was included in the study. The interview was started by filling out data forms that included sociodemographic and clinical information. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders was used to confirming the diagnosis according to DSM-IV-TR criteria. Then the patients were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale in terms of symp-tom severity. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to determine the methylation status of MB-COMT promotor, DRD2, and NR3C1 gene from DNA material.Results: When we compared the percentages of MB-COMT promotor, DRD2, and NR3C1 gene methylation status in SCZ patients with the healthy control group, the percentages of MB-COMT promotor (OR: 0.466; 95% CI: 0.268- 0.809; p = 0.006), DRD2 (OR: 0.439; 95% CI: 0.375-0.514; p < 0.001), and NR3C1 (OR: 0.003; 95% CI: 0.001- 0.011; p < 0.001) gene methylation status of SCZ was found to be significantly different from the control group. Whereas unmethylation of MB-COMT promotor and NR3C1 genes were associated with SCZ, the partial methylation of the DRD2 gene was related to the SCZ.Conclusion: The MB-COMT promotor, DRD2, and NR3C1 gene methylation status may be associated with the SCZ in the Turkish population.