Is lobe-specific lymph node dissection appropriate in lung cancer patients undergoing routine mediastinoscopy?


TURNA A., Solak O., Kilicgun A., Metin M., Sayar A., Guerses A.

THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGEON, vol.55, no.2, pp.112-119, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/s-2006-924626
  • Journal Name: THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGEON
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.112-119
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Background: The extent and the necessity of lymph node dissection has yet to be defined after resectional surgery for lung cancer. We aimed to analyze the lobe-specific extent of lymph node positivity in patients who underwent preoperative mediastinoscopy as a routine strategy. Methods: A total of 280 patients with non-small cell lung cancer with negative mediastinoscopy were operated on in our center between January 1997 and June 2003. Hilar and mediastinal lymphadenectomy was performed in every patient. Results: The most commonly involved lymph nodes were found to be paratracheal station lymph nodes (n = 83; 96.5%) for right upper lobe tumors, subcarinal station lymph nodes (n = 52; 88.1%) for right lower lobe carcinomas, aorticopulmonary lymph nodes (n = 62; 92.5%) for left upper lobe and subcarinal station lymph nodes (n = 49; 96.0%) for left lower lobe tumors. In the patients with right upper lobe, right lower lobe and left lower lobe tumors, the presence of a tumor at these stations was found to be an indicator for poor prognosis (p = 0.033, p = 0.0038 and p = 0.0016, respectively). Patients with multiple station N2 disease did not survive beyond 3 years. Conclusions: In patients who underwent routine mediastinoscopy, lobe-specific lymph node dissection could be recommended. Patients with multilevel N2 involvement did not seem to benefit from resectional surgery.