The aim of this study was to evaluate aerobic exercise capacity, cardiac features and function in a group of asthmatic children who underwent medical treatment. Dynamic exercise testing was done to evaluate aerobic exercise capacity Echocardiography was performed to identify the effects that asthma-induced pulmonary changes have on respiratory and cardiac function in these patients. The study involved 20 asthmatic children (aged 7-16 years) who were followed at our hospital and 20 age- and sex-matched, healthy control subjects. Sixteen of the asthma cases were moderate and four were severe. All 40 subjects underwent similar series of assessments: multiple modes of echocardiography, treadmill stress testing, pulmonary function testing. The means for forced expiratory volume in 1 sec, forced expiratory flow 25-75%, maximal voluntary ventilation and inspiratory capacity were all significantly higher in the control group. The patient group had significantly lower mean maximal oxygen uptake and mean endurance time than the controls but there were no significant differences between the groups with respect to respiratory exchange ratio or the ventilatory threshold. The control group means for ejection fraction, fractional shortening, left ventricular mass, and left ventricular mass index were significantly higher than the corresponding patient group results. Children with moderate or severe asthma have lower aerobic capacity than healthy children of the same age. The data suggest that most of these children have normal diastolic cardiac function, but exhibit impaired systolic function and have lower LVM than healthy peers of the same age.