HLA-DR and -DQ associations with multiple sclerosis in Turkey


SaruhanDireskeneli G., Esin S., BaykanKurt B. , Ornek I., Vaughan R., Eraksoy M.

HUMAN IMMUNOLOGY, vol.55, no.1, pp.59-65, 1997 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0198-8859(97)00086-4
  • Title of Journal : HUMAN IMMUNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-65

Abstract

The DRB, DQA, and DQB subregions of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) were investigated by polymerase chain reaction and sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization (PCR/SSO) in 103 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and 101 healthy controls from Turkey. Significant differences were detected between MS and control populations in the frequencies of DRB1*1501 [29 vs. 14, p = 0.02, odds ratio (OR) = 2.4], DRB1*04 (35 vs. 18, p = 0.01, OR = 2.3), DQB1*0302 (30 vs. 15, p = 0.02, OR = 2.3), DQB1*0602 (27 vs. 10, p = 0.005, OR = 3.2), DQB1*0501 (10 vs. 24, p = 0.01, OR = 0.3), DQA1*0101 (16 vs. 31, p = 0.02, OR = 0.4), and DQA1*0103 (7 vs. 19, p = 0.02, OR = 0.3). These results confirm the proposed positive association of the Dw2. (DRB1*1501 DQA1*0102 DQB1*0602) haplotype with MS in Caucasians in our Turkish population (25 vs. 8, p = 0.003, OR = 3.7). Furthermore, the ''putative'' haplotype supposed to be more frequent in the MS population of Mediterranean countries, namely DRB1*04 DQA1*03 DQB1*0302, is also associated with MS in Turkey (29 vs. 12, p = 0.006, OR = 2.9). The presence of two different haplotypic associations in MS emphasizes the complexity of the genetic susceptibility to MS in different populations. (C) American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics, 1997. Published by Elsevier Science Inc.