Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic adrenalectomy: What is the role of tumour size? A single institution experience

Aksakal N., Agcaoglu O., Barbaros U., Tukenmez M., Dogan S., Kilic B., ...More

JOURNAL OF MINIMAL ACCESS SURGERY, vol.11, no.3, pp.184-186, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/0972-9941.144091
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.184-186
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND: Although, there are studies in the literature having shown the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic adrenalectomy, there are still debates for tumour size and the requirement of the minimal invasive approach. Our hypothesis was that the use of laparoscopy facilitates minimally invasive resection of large adrenal tumours regardless of tumour size. Materials and Methods: Within 7 years, 149 patients underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy at one institution. The patients were divided into two study groups according to tumour size. Group 1 included patients with adrenal tumours smaller than 5 cm and group 2 included larger than 5 cm. Patient demographics and clinical parameters, operative time, complications, hospital stay and final pathology were analysed. Statistical analyses of clinical and perioperative parameters were performed using Student's t-test and Chi-square tests. RESULTS: There were 88 patients in group 1 and 70 in group 2. There were no significant differences between study groups regarding patient demographics, operative time, hospital stay, and complications. Estimated blood loss was significantly higher in group 2 (P = 0.002). The conversion to open rate was similar between study groups with 5.6% versus 4.2%, respectively. Pathology was similar between groups. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the use laparoscopy for adrenal tumours larger than 5 cm is a safe and feasible technique. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is our preferred minimally invasive surgical approach for removing large adrenal tumours.