Solar-type cycles of the secondary stars in cataclysmic variables

Ak T., Ozkan M. T., Mattei J. A.

ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, vol.369, no.3, pp.882-888, 2001 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 369 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1051/0004-6361:20010167
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.882-888
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


We found cyclical variations in the quiescent magnitudes and outburst intervals of 21 dwarf novae, 1 nova and 1 nova-like star produced hv the solar-type cycles of the? late-type sccondary components. More than 70% of individual systems in this work are first studied by Fourier periodogram analysis. It seems that the mean cycle amplitudes of the quiescent magnitudes are considerably larger for SU UMa stars. Cyclical modulations of :quiescent magnitudes found for the stars, which have orbital periods below the period gap, support the hypothesis that even almost fully convective secondaries may possess activity cycles. Phe estimated probability density functions show peaks at 9.7, 7.9 and 8.6 yrs for cataclysmic variables (CVs), single main-sequence stars (h:IS) and all stars (CVs+MS), respectively. Using a larger set of data, we confirm that there is no correlation of the cycle period with the rotational regime of the secondary star. It is also confirmed that cycle periods of CVs are in the range of those of single main-sequence stars. We note that the observational cycle parameters (i.e. cycle period, P-cyc, and cycle amplitude of quiescent magnitudes, Deltam) do not seem in relation with any other parameter such as masses of primary and secondary stars, mean outburst interval, mean outburst duration, mean decline and rise rate of outbursts, absolute magnitudes in quiescent and outburst states etc.