Video-Oculography Assessment in Neurodegenerative Ataxias and Niemann Pick Type C Nörodejeneratif Ataksilerde ve Niemann Pick Tip C’de Video-Okülografi Değerlendirmesi


Karaaslan Z., Hanağasi H. A., Gurvit İ. H., BİLGİÇ B.

Noropsikiyatri Arsivi, vol.61, no.2, pp.101-106, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.29399/npa.28563
  • Journal Name: Noropsikiyatri Arsivi
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, Psycinfo, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.101-106
  • Keywords: Degenerative ataxias, niemann-pick type c, saccadic velocity, smooth pursuit, video-oculography
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Introduction: Deceleration of vertical saccades, an early and characteristic finding of Niemann-Pick Type C (NP-C), may help diagnosis. Our aim in this study was to demonstrate the role of video-oculography (VOG), in the differential diagnosis of ataxia syndromes, particularly of NP-C, using this technique in the evaluation of saccadic velocity and smooth pursuit gain of ataxia patients. Methods: We recruited consecutive 50 ataxia patients and 50 healthy control subjects who were age and sex-matched with the patient group. Saccadic eye movements and smooth pursuit eye movements for different angles and different directions from patients and healthy subjects were recorded by using VOG. Results: Saccadic eye movement velocity and smooth pursuit gain values of the patients were significantly lower in all directions and at all angles as compared to healthy subjects. In the patient group, 3 cases out of 50 were selected as suspected NP-C, based on the dissociation between their markedly impaired vertical saccadic velocity and near normal to slightly impaired horizontal one and relatively intact smooth pursuit eye movements; the diagnoses in all 3 cases were confirmed with positive genetic testing, and thereupon Miglustat treatment was started. Conclusion: Our findings support that cerebellar pathology in degenerative ataxia patients is associated with both impaired saccadic velocity and smooth pursuit gain, whereas in NP-C, only the impaired vertical saccades as opposed to relatively preserved other eye movements are seemingly a diagnostic marker for the entity. We conclude that recording of eye movements could be useful for differential diagnosis and monitorization of the treatment of ataxia syndromes as an easy and objective method.