Clinical and genetic characteristics of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy patients from Turkey: 30 years longitudinal follow-up study.


Yunisova G., CEYLANER S., Oflazer P., Deymeer F., Parman Y. G., Durmus H.

Neuromuscular disorders : NMD, vol.32, no.9, pp.718-727, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.nmd.2022.07.397
  • Journal Name: Neuromuscular disorders : NMD
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.718-727
  • Keywords: EMD, Emerin, Emery Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD), LMNA
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier B.V.Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a rare inherited disorder usually presenting in childhood with early contractures, slowly progressive scapulohumeroperoneal weakness/atrophy and potentially fatal dilated cardiomyopathy with conduction defects. We evaluated clinical and genetic findings of 32 patients with EDMD phenotype from 14 unrelated families, diagnosed at the Department of Neurology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine between 1989 and 2022. Twenty-three patients from 8 unrelated families were diagnosed with EDMD1 (58%), 5 patients from 3 families with EDMD2 (21%), and 2 patients from 1 family with the rare EDMD3 (7%). Genetic diagnosis was achieved in 12 unrelated kinships with classical EDMD phenotype (86%) by applying panel testing, but no mutation could be determined in 2 patients with classical EDMD phenotype from 2 unrelated families (14%). Three novel pathogenic variants (c.19delC, c.416_417delTT, c.123C > G) in EMD, and a novel (c.1441dupT) heterozygous likely pathogenic variant in LMNA gene were found. This is the largest cohort from Turkey, expanding the genetic spectrum of EDMD, and providing clues for genetic testing of EDMD in Turkey.