Background. Neutrophils are essential innate cells to fight bacterial and fungal pathogens. Jagunal homolog 1 (JAGN1) mutations were recently defined as rare genetic defects causing severe congenital neutropenia. JAGN1 participates in the secretory pathway and is required for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor-mediated signalling. This gene is required for normal ultrastructure and granulation of endoplasmic reticulum of myeloid progenitor cells. Its defect is related to increased predisposition to apoptosis. In the literature, a few cases have been reported with congenital anomalies such as cardiac and renal anomalies.