A dynamical evolution study of 40 2MASS open clusters


GÜNEŞ O., Karatas Y., Bonatto C.

ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN, vol.338, no.4, pp.464-488, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 338 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/asna.201712978
  • Journal Name: ASTRONOMISCHE NACHRICHTEN
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.464-488
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We investigate the dynamical evolution of 40 open clusters (OCs) by means of their astrophysical parameters derived from field-decontaminated 2MASS photometry. We find a bifurcation in the planes' core radius versus age and cluster radius versus age, in which part of the clusters appear to expand with time probably due to the presence of stellar black holes while others seem to shrink due to dynamical relaxation. Mass functions (MFs) are built for three-fourth of the sample (31 OCs), which are used to search for indications of mass segregation and external dynamical processes by means of relations between astrophysical, structural, and evolutionary parameters. We detect a flattening of MF slopes occurring at the evolutionary parameters (core) <= 32 and (overall) <= 30, respectively.