TURKISH JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS, vol.62, no.2, pp.310-314, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
Background. Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is a coenzyme-induced disease with acute neuropsychiatric symptoms leading to high mortality and morbidity due to thiamine deficiency. WE is mostly caused by alcoholism in adult populations; however, it is often associated with gastrointestinal surgical procedures, recurrent vomiting, chronic diarrhea, cancer and chemotherapy treatment, systemic diseases, drugs, magnesium deficiency, and malnutrition in children. Although these predisposing factors are considered to be uncommon in children, they are actually highly frequent and can be fatal if not treated promptly.