Male Nursing Students' Social Appearance Anxiety and Their Coping Attitudes

Turan N., Aydin G., KAYA H., Aksel G., Yilmaz A.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MENS HEALTH, vol.13, no.1, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1557988319825922
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: social appearance anxiety, coping attitudes, male nursing students, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, SELF-ESTEEM, BODY-IMAGE, YOUNG-ADULTS, STRATEGIES, PERFECTIONISM, DEPRESSION, GENDER, SHAME, OBESE
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


This study aimed at examining social appearance anxiety levels of male nursing students and their coping attitudes and identifying the relationship between them. A cross-sectional research approach was adopted in a study population of 180; the sample comprised 129 students. Data were collected using a socio-demographic information form, the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS), and the Assessment of Coping Attitudes Inventory (COPE). The average age of students was 20.54 +/- 1.49 years. The male students' average score obtained from the SAAS measure was 32.64 +/- 13.07, while that of the COPE Inventory was 138.11 +/- 14.47. Significant correlations were detected between students' SAAS scores and COPE scale scores. There were negative relationships between social anxiety scores and COPE subscales of positive reinterpretation and growth (p < .05), use of instrumental social support (p < .05), active coping (p <= .01), and planning (p <= .01). In contrast, there were positive relationships between social anxiety scores and COPE subscales of mental disengagement (p <= .01), denial (p <= .01), behavioral disengagement (p <= .01), restraint (p <= .01), use of emotional social support (p < .05), substance use (p <= .01), and acceptance (p < .05). The conclusion was that male students who do not perceive themselves as having an ideal body image face high social appearance anxiety. There is a prejudice that social appearance anxiety has negative effects on these students' self-confidence. In this context, this research revealed concrete results about how male nursing students have battled the prejudices that they have faced throughout their student life.