Uncommon HLA Alleles Observed in a Poopulation of Istanbul Province


Ögret Y., Oguz R., Karadeniz S., Senturk Ciftci H., Kivanc D., Savran Oguz F.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF THERAPEUTICS, vol.1, no.1, pp.1, 2024 (ESCI)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.58600/eurjther2163
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF THERAPEUTICS
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: New polymorphisms are formed in human leucocyte antigen (HLA) genes with point mutations, gene conversions, and duplication, and the diversity continues to increase. Various new HLA alleles have significant roles in transplantation, and epidemiologic and population studies. The aim of our study was to determine the status of HLA alleles in the Turkish population, which is uncommon, well-defined, and non-defined in the world population according to the international ImMunoGeneTics information system® (IMGT) database. Methods: We performed HLA-A, -B, -C, -DQB1, and DRB1 loci at the four-field resolution level, using Sanger- sequence-based typing (SBT) for 5592 healthy, unrelated bone marrow donor volunteers from Istanbul Province. The uncommon alleles were also confirmed using high-throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS). Results: Uncommon alleles were determined at five loci as follows: HLA-A*01:155, 02:66, 02:90, 02:110, 02:343, 03:82, 24:28, 24:146, 24:276, 24:356, 31:23,33:33, 68:38; HLA-B *07:240, 18:19, 35:193, 40:303, 51:69, 51:169; HLA-C*04:39, 06:40, 07:93, 12:149, 15:73; HLA-DRB1*11:149, 13:14:02 and HLA-DQB1*03:27. All alleles were arranged according to the common and well‐documented (CWD) 3.0.0 catalog. Conclusion: This is the first study to show uncommon alleles in our population. These reported data increase the knowledge of HLA polymorphisms in the Turkish population and provide a basis for further studies in population genetics. This information may also be useful in determining whether a matched, unrelated donor is unlikely to be found so that a mismatch strategy, an extended family search, or alternate therapy, can be pursued, thus saving time and cost for patients.