Anatomical, Morphological, and Chemical Characterizations and Biological Activities of <i>Gagea taurica</i> Steven (Liliaceae): A New Record for the Turkish Flora


YUCA H., KARAKAYA S., EKŞİ BONA G., AYDIN B., Goger G., BONA M., ...More

CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, vol.20, no.9, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/cbdv.202300416
  • Journal Name: CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Keywords: anatomical, anticholinesterase, antidiabetic, antioxidant, Gagea taurica
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Gagea genus, which is native to the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions, has attracted significant attention due to its biodiversity and potential health benefits. In this study, the biochemical composition and biological activities of methanol extracts from various parts of G. taurica were investigated, along with their anatomical and morphological characteristics. The best antimicrobial activity was found to be MeOH extracts of corm and leaf against several Candida strains with MIC = 640 mu g/mL. The highest level of phenolics together with significant results of antioxidant activities were observed in flowers extracts. The alpha-amylase inhibition assay results showed that the highest inhibition percentage was observed with acarbose (59 %), followed by leaf extract (43%). Leaf exhibited the most effective inhibitory activity in AChE inhibition assay, whereas flower demonstrated the most significant inhibitory activity in BChE inhibition assay. Hesperidin was found as 1621.0001 ng/ml value in flower extract and 283.9339 ng/ml value leaf.