Integrated use of fuzzy c-means and convex programming for capacitated multi-facility location problem

Kucukdeniz T. , Baray A., Ecerkale K., Esnaf S.

EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS, cilt.39, ss.4306-4314, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.eswa.2011.09.102
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.4306-4314


In this study a fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm based method is proposed for solving a capacitated multi-facility location problem of known demand points which are served from capacitated supply centres. It involves the integrated use of fuzzy c-means and convex programming. In fuzzy c-means, data points are allowed to belong to several clusters with different degrees of membership. This feature is used here to split demands between supply centers. The cluster number is determined by an incremental method that starts with two and designated when capacity of each cluster is sufficient for its demand. Finally, each group of cluster and each model are solved as a single facility location problem. Then each single facility location problem given by fuzzy c-means is solved by convex programming which optimizes transportation cost is used to fine-tune the facility location. Proposed method is applied to several facility location problems from OR library (Osman & Christofides, 1994) and compared with centre of gravity and particle swarm optimization based algorithms. Numerical results of an asphalt producer's real-world data in Turkey are reported. Numerical results show that the proposed approach performs better than using original fuzzy c-means, integrated use of fuzzy c-means and center of gravity methods in terms of transportation costs. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.