Movement-related frequency modulation of beta oscillatory activity in the human subthalamic nucleus

Foffani G., Bianchi A., Baselli G., Priori A.

JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, vol.568, no.2, pp.699-711, 2005 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 568 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1113/jphysiol.2005.089722
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.699-711


Event-related changes of brain electrical rhythms are typically analysed as amplitude modulations of local field potential (LFP) oscillations, like radio amplitude modulation broadcasting. In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) is less susceptible to interference than amplitude modulation (AM) and is therefore preferred for high-fidelity transmissions. Here we hypothesized that UP rhythms detected from deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes implanted in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in patients with Parkinson's disease could represent movement-related activity not only in AM but also in FM. By combining adaptive autoregressive identification with spectral power decomposition, we were able to show that FM of low-beta (13-20 Hz) and high-beta (20-35 Hz) rhythms significantly contributes to the involvement of the human STN in movement preparation, execution and recovery, and that the FM patterns are regulated by the dopamine levels in the system. Movement-related FM of beta oscillatory activity in the human subthalamic nucleus therefore provides a novel informational domain for rhythm-based pathophysiological models of cortico-basal ganglia processing.