Contributions of basin-edge-induced surface waves to site effect in the Dinar basin, southwestern Turkey

Yalcinkaya E. , Alptekin Ö.

PURE AND APPLIED GEOPHYSICS, cilt.162, ss.931-950, 2005 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 162 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2005
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s00024-004-2649-4
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.931-950


Ground motion amplifications in the Dinar basin, and contributions of the surface waves generated from basin edges are investigated in frequency and time domains. Amplification functions are computed from the aftershock data of the October 1, 1995 Dinar earthquake (M-W=6.4) using the Standard Spectral Ratio method which requires a pair of instruments; one located at the site under investigation (generally on alluvium) and the other on a reference site, preferably a nearby rock site. First, a time window covering the whole signal is used to compute the amplification function, and, successively, the noise, P wave, S wave and the surface wave time windows are used in computation to observe their contributions to the amplification function. It is seen that the maximum amplifications observed at about 2.0 Hz on the amplification functions of the stations located in the basin are largely due to basin edge induced surface waves. These waves have significantly increased the duration of signals recorded within the basin. Particularly, on the vertical component records, the amplitudes of surface waves are larger than the S-wave amplitudes. The periods of waves amplified maximally due to the basin structure coincide with the natural periods of 4-6-story buildings which were heavily damaged in Dinar. This indicates that the site effects may have been important regarding the damage which occurred during the Dinar earthquake of October 1995.