JOURNAL OF RHEUMATOLOGY, vol.38, no.3, pp.516-518, 2011 (SCI-Expanded)
Objective. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited autoinflammatory disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of fever and serositis. Although colchicine is the standard therapy for preventing attacks and suppressing inflammation, 5%-10% of compliant patients are colchicine-resistant. We report the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy (etanercept) and anti-interleukin 1 (IL-1) treatment (anakinra) in 6 cases resistant to colchicine therapy.