Assessment of attitude of parents towards adolescents with Internet gaming disorder

Bulanik Koc E., Karacetin Ozer G., Mutlu C., Onal B. S. , Ciftci A., Ercan O.

PEDIATRICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.62, no.7, pp.848-856, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 62 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/ped.14238
  • Page Numbers: pp.848-856


Background The determination of the protective and risk factors associated with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is among the most important pathways to the development of prevention strategies for IGD. Previous research has shown that familial factors are associated with IGD. In our study, we aimed to assess the parental attitude of adolescents with IGD and investigate psychiatric comorbidity. Methods We assessed family structure, family relationship, parental attitude (in a bi-directional assessment), and psychiatric comorbidity in 50 adolescents aged 12-18 years who meet DSM-5 criteria for IGD in comparison with the control group. Parental attitudes were assessed with the Parental Attitude Research Instrument (filled by the mother) and the Parenting Style Inventory (filled by adolescents). Results Our findings suggest that according to mothers' opinions there were no significant differences in the subscale scores between the IGD group and the control group. On the other hand, acceptance-involvement and psychological autonomy subscale scores of the PSI filled by adolescents were found to be significantly lower in the IGD group. Limit setting in areas other than the Internet was significantly lower in the IGD group. High rates of psychiatric comorbidity were also found in adolescents with IGD. Conclusions Our study identified that adolescents with IGD perceived their parents "cared less about them" and "minded less on their autonomy" compared with the control group. Our survey demonstrated that parental attitudes may be among the risk factors for IGD and the presence of psychiatric comorbidity may affect the management of IGD.