The relationship of Chlamydophila pneumoniae with schizophrenia: The role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) in this relationship Papel del factor neurotrófico de origen cerebral y de la neurotropina-3 en la relación de Chlamydophila pneumoniae con la esquizofrenia

Kalayci F., Ozdemir A., Saribas S., Yuksel P., Ergin S., Kuskucu A. M., ...More

Revista Argentina de Microbiologia, vol.49, no.1, pp.39-49, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ram.2016.09.009
  • Journal Name: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.39-49
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


Several pathogens have been suspected of playing a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Chronic inflammation has been proposed to occur as a result of persistent infection caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae cells that reside in brain endothelial cells for many years. It was recently hypothesized that brain-derived neurotrophic factor ( BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) may play prominent roles in the development of schizophrenia. NT3 and BDNF levels have been suggested to change in response to various manifestations of infection. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate the roles of BDNF and NT3 in the schizophrenia-C. pneumoniae infection relationship. RT-PCR, immunofluorescence and ELISA methods were used. Fifty patients suffering from schizophrenia and 35 healthy individuals were included as the patient group (PG) and the healthy control group (HCG), respectively. We detected persistent infection in 14 of the 50 individuals in the PG and in 1 of the 35 individuals in the HCG. A significant difference was found between the two groups (p < 0.05). Twenty-two individuals in the PG and 13 in the HCG showed seropositivity for past C. pneumoniae infection, and no difference was observed between the groups (p > 0.05). C. pneumoniae DNA was not detected in any group. A significant difference in NT-3 levels was observed between the groups, with very low levels in the PG (p < 0.001). A significant difference in BDNF levels was also found, with lower levels in the PG (p < 0.05). The mean serum NT-3 level was higher in the PG cases with C. pneumoniaeseropositivity than in seronegative cases; however, this difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). In conclusion, we suggest that NT-3 levels during persistent C. pneumoniaeinfection may play a role in this relationship. (C) 2016 Asociaci on Argentina de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license